A brief look at the history of the great pandemics

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The great pandemics have represented important and shocking blows to society, generating repercussions at the global, economic and political levels. In this article we will take a brief look at the history of the pandemics, both their positive and negative impacts.

Differences between pandemic and epidemic 

According to the Prevention and Control Center belonging to WHO (World Health Organization) Epidemic is defined as an “unexpected increase in the number of cases in which people present with a disease in a specific geographic area.” Pandemic refers to the “worldwide spread of disease.”

 

A brief overview of the major pandemics that have affected societies

Did you know that, throughout the history of mankind, there have been approximately 20 epidemics and pandemics, 4 of which have been extremely deadly, wiping out a large part of the population?
One of the first recorded pandemics was the Plague of Athens in 430 B.C.E. in which 150,000 people died. 

This plague has had several outbreaks throughout history. Among them, the most deadly and terrifying occurred in the Middle Ages. More than 200 million people worldwide died from Black Death between 1347 and 1351. In Europe alone, a quarter of its population disappeared as a result of the outbreak. However, with proper treatment, 85 percent of current victims survive the disease. 

Smallpox is believed to have originated in either India or Egypt 3,000 years ago. The earliest evidence of the disease dates back to the Egyptian pharaoh Ramses V, who died in 1157 B.C.E. The disease reduced the world's population since its appearance, with mortality rates as high as 30%. In Europe it had a dramatic period of expansion during the 18th century, infecting and disfiguring millions of people. Fortunately, it is one of only two diseases that humans have managed to eradicate through vaccination

This disease devastated nearly 50 million people during the end of World War I. It appeared in 1918 in the United States and arrived in Europe with the arrival of American troops in the French Port of Brest. It was so devastating that in a single year it killed between 40 - 50 million people. 

New outbreaks of the virus emerged again in 1980 and again 2009 but they were quickly controlled in part because of appropriate treatments and medication.

One of the most serious and recent pandemics known to society today is that of AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.) AIDS is a chronic, potentially life- threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).   The first documented cases occurred in the United States in 1981, and since then it has spread throughout the world. It is estimated that HIV may have caused around 25 million deaths worldwide. The vaccine against this virus is under development and is one of the most anticipated.

Finally, today we are living a historic moment with the appearance of COVID-19, which has exceeded a total of 4 million deaths worldwide.

This pandemic has devastated the lives of millions of people and threatened social and economic development throughout countries worldwide.

Currently, vaccines continue to be developed to combat this disease, among the most effective are: Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson Janssen, AstraZeneca and Moderna.

Curiosities: Where does the word quarantine come from and why is it recommended?

Did you know that, throughout the history of mankind, there have been approximately 20 epidemics and pandemics, 4 of which have been extremely deadly, wiping out a large part of the population?
One of the first recorded pandemics was the Plague of Athens in 430 B.C.E. in which 150,000 people died. 

 

Teachings

According to the Prevention and Control Center belonging to WHO (World Health Organization) Epidemic is defined as an “unexpected increase in the number of cases in which people present with a disease in a specific geographic area.” Pandemic refers to the “worldwide spread of disease.”

The experiences they leave us with is the constant search to improve our daily practices such as changing our diets to strengthen our immune system, better hygiene, as well as research for the development of vaccines to protect us from viruses and bacteria. That is why we must analyze where we are going and how we can contribute as human beings to eradicate and reduce diseases. 

Conclusions

The pandemic caused by the SARS COV2 virus (Covid-19) and reviewing the history of pandemics, remind us how fast the spread of a disease that, if not controlled in time, spreads rapidly around the world causing many deaths. In addition , we must keep in mind that this speed of spread causes us to infect others, especially those with immunocompromised disease and those we love.  The fear of spreading these infections forces us to separate ourselves, making us vulnerable. The best way to avoid this is by following the appropriate measures and staying in contact with our loved ones. 

In Blanca Your Best Solution you will find coverage that will allow you to face situations that are not in our hands, but that, as we saw in previous paragraphs, arise unexpectedly in our lives. 

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Sources:https://www.healthline.com/health/pandemic-vs-epidemic#epidemic-vs-pandemic Health Line, September 14th, 2021  https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/6/1/from-the-plague-to-mers-a-brief-history-of-pandemics Al Jazeera News, September 14th, 2021  https://www.france24.com/es/20200324-historia-pandemias-supervivencia-humanos France24, September 14th, 2021 https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/article/how-devastating-pandemics-change-us-feature National Geographic Magazine, September 15th, 2021 https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20200325-covid-19-the-history-of-pandemics British Broadcoasting Council, September 17th, 2021 https://coronavirus.onu.org.mx/mas-de-4-millones-de-muertes-en-el-mundo-por-la-enfermedad-de-covid-19-lamenta-oms Organización Mundial de la Salud, September 17th, 2021Keywords: Pandemic, history, disease, humanity, epidemic, virus, quarantine, lockdown, gripe espanola, pandemia vs epidemia, pandemic, pandemias en la historia listaLicenced on: Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia & West Virginia

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