Autism spectrum disorders and their effects

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Curious fact: Most people with generalized developmental disorders also have cognitive disabilities.

Across the world, autism is a widespread developmental disorder that affects up to 1 in 100 children, which is why it is extremely important to raise awareness and educate ourselves about this disorder. In October we are commemorating Autism Awareness Month. We often have certain misconceptions, which may be perpetuating the already great stigma surrounding autism. 

What is autism?

Autism is a widespread developmental disorder whose main characteristic is that it greatly affects the communication and social interaction of the patient and can be detected from childhood. Similarly, autism produces atypical and slower-than-normal development, as it affects some of the basic functions of the human being, such as speech and social development. However, the intellectual level of people with autism can vary greatly, as there have also been cases where people with autism have high cognitive abilities. 

It is important to emphasize that a person with autism can also live independently despite having autism, however, some others will need care and support from specialists and family members.

Types of autism

The spectrum of autism is quite wide, so there is more than one type of autism: 

  1. Autism
  2. Rett syndrome: It is a type of autism that occurs mainly in girls and is regressive and degenerative. It mainly affects the motor skills and cognition of the patient.
  3. Asperger syndrome: It differs from common autism because it is much less intense, and given the fact that it does not show intellectual disability or abnormal physical features, it is more difficult to diagnose. It affects social interaction and behavior. 
  4. Heller Syndrome: This type of regressive autism is much more notorious; even the patients themselves realize this. It suddenly affects language, social interaction, and motor skills. 
  5. Generalized unspecified developmental disorder: This label is used for other types of autism that do not meet the characteristics of those mentioned above, but that ultimately are part of the autism spectrum. 


It is very important to know the symptoms, because suffering from a disorder belonging to the autism spectrum can have various consequences for a person when trying to learn new things. Similarly, as parents, it is essential to be able to recognize these disorders. Symptoms include the following: 

– Difficulty interacting with other people

– Preference for solo activities

– Problems communicating verbally with others

– Deficiency in body and non-verbal language. 

– Echolalia, or repeating the words you hear

– Modifying the order of words

– Giving words their own meaning

– Repetitive behavior

– Repetitive body movements for no apparent reason, such as waving the arms 

– Irrational and insistent follow-up of routines

– Difficulty in falling asleep 

– Low performance at school or work

If you or someone close to you feel identified with the above list, it is a good idea to see a specialist who will allow you to live a quiet life regardless of whether you have this disorder.


Similarly, if not treated, autism spectrum disorders could have consequences such as: 

– Learning problems

– Inability to live independently

– Being bullied

– Having other mental disorders such as depression, or ADHD. 

– Among others


The main way this condition is treated is through behavioral therapy, which seeks to reduce unwanted behaviors that come as a result of autism, while promoting language and interaction with other people. Treatment for autism seeks to improve the social interaction and expressiveness of patients with autism. 

On the other hand, it is also common to accompany behavior therapy with medications that will reduce the psychiatric symptoms of autism, as well as repetitive behaviors; or to increase social interaction.

Finally, a factor that will be needed to complement treatment will be the support of family members, loved ones, and friends, as well as their empathy, and accompaniment. This will ensure the best results.

Real story

One of the world’s best-known and most successful people is Lionel Messi. You’ve probably heard of him and seen him play with teams like FC Barcelona or Paris Saint-Germain, but something you may not know is that he has Asperger’s Syndrome. 

Messi was born in Rosario, Argentina, where he grew up playing soccer. At age 9, he was diagnosed with this condition, along with a deficiency in growth hormones. Despite this, today Messi has 6 Ballon d’Or prizes, which is awarded to the best soccer player in the world. Messi’s story proves that an autism disorder does not define the person who has it, and that it is possible to lead an extraordinary life regardless of any condition. For more information, visit:

Health insurance

It is well known that taking care of our mental health is as important as taking care of the body. Therefore, in BYBS we want to help you have a healthy mind and live your life to the fullest. Take care of your mind and body while we look after your integrity, finding and building coverages that best suit you.

For more information visit our website, where you will find the different coverages we offer. We have guaranteed approval coverage, which allows you to enroll regardless of your health status, or for those who do not qualify for public health insurance. ( #CallBlanca (202) 316-4503


This disorder affects many people around the world, and since it can be an obstacle when learning, it is important to learn how to identify cases of people with autism to ensure that autism is not a determining factor in the quality of life of those with this disorder. Similarly, we invite you to help reduce the stigma surrounding people with autism by visiting more resources to educate yourself about the issue and support people with autism spectrum disorders.

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